As a dog owner, you are responsible for the basic dog care of your pet. A pet dog is entirely reliant on its human “pack” for its needs and by bringing a dog into your life you take on responsibility to fulfill these needs – including proper care, food and water, shelter, safety, regular veterinary care and exercise.
Here are some of the basic dog care routines you need to follow.Basic Dog Care: Identification: Your dog should wear a collar with an ID tag with the dog’s name, your name, address, and telephone number engraved on it. If possible, also consider having your dog micro-chipped.
Basic Dog Care: Grooming: Give your dog a quick groom daily, running a brush or comb through its coat and removing any tangles. Have a more thorough grooming session once weekly to include an examination of ears, eyes, paws and nails as well as oral health.
Bathe your dog, or take it to the doggy parlor, one a month (no more than that because excessive bathing dries out the skin and coat).
Basic Dog Care: Veterinary Care: Find a good vet in your area and take your dog for a medical examination at least annually. Ensure that your dog is vaccinated against common dog diseases.
Also find a 24-hour emergency pet clinic and keep the number handy. In a crisis you don’t want to be running around looking for a number.
Basic Dog Care: Feeding: Feed your dog a nutritionally balanced diet, with constant access to fresh water. Buy the best quality dog food you can afford and supplement it with fresh meat and vegetables if possible.
Provide treats responsibly and ensure that your dog maintains a healthy weight. If in doubt, speak to your vet.
Basic Dog Care: Exercise: All dogs need exercise, no matter how small or how lethargic. At the very minimum give your dog a walk once daily (twice is better).
Also make time to play with your dog. Exercise and play are essential to your dog’s physical and mental health. It also helps prevent behavioral problems and is a good way of building a bond with your dog.
Basic Dog Care: A Secure Environment: If your dog is going to spend time outside then make sure that your perimeter fence is secure and that there is no possibility of escape. Remove all potential hazards from the area and provide shelter from the elements.
Remember that dogs are social animals that crave companionship, so only leave your dog outside for short periods. And never, ever, chain a dog.
Basic Dog Care: Neutering: Unless you intend breeding your dog, it is advisable to have it neutered. Neutered dogs have fewer health and behavioral problems and do not suffer the stress related with the heat cycle.
Your neutered male dog is less likely to try and escape from your property, and neutering also avoids the possibility of unwanted litters.
These basic dog care guidelines will ensure that you have a happy, healthy, well-adjusted dog.