Distinct dog breeds have existed since man first decided that it might be a good idea to selectively breed dogs in order to accentuate certain desirable characteristics.
In the most liberal interpretation of the term, a breed is a group of individual dogs that look the same and have similar behavior patterns. They generally come from a set of ancestors with those same characteristics. And they also ‘breed true’, meaning that they pass those characteristics on to their young.
A dog is identified as a member of a breed through a written record of ancestry called a stud book, which is dog breed info normally maintained by breed clubs or organizations.
There are literally hundreds of dog breeds of every conceivable size, build, coat color and texture, making dogs unique among all animals in terms of diversity. Amazing when you consider that they all share a common ancestor.
In addition to their similar appearance dogs of the same breed also display similar behaviors primarily due to the job they were originally bred for. So a Labrador Retriever will chase and retrieve a ball almost to the point of exhaustion, while a Bulldog wouldn’t bother unless you toss it next to him on the couch!
Here is a list of the most popular dog breeds, together with dog breed info regarding classification and country of origin;Breed Origin
ClassificationAfghan Hound Afghanistan HoundAiredale Terrier England TerrierAkita Inu Japan WorkingAlaskan Malamute United States WorkingAmerican Akita Japan UtilityAmerican Cocker Spaniel United States GundogAmerican Pit Bull Terrier United States TerrierAmerican Staffordshire Terrier United States TerrierArgentine Dogo Argentina GuardianAustralian Cattle Dog Australia HerdingAustralian Kelpie Australia HerdingAustralian Shepherd United States HerdingAustralian Silky Terrier Australia TerrierAustralian Terrier Australia TerrierBeagle England HoundBearded Collie Scotland HerdingBelgian Shepherd (Tervuren) Belgium HerdingBernese Mountain Dog Switzerland GuardianBichon Frise Spain, Belgium CompanionBloodhound Belgium, France HoundBoerbul South Africa GuardianBorder Collie Scotland, England, Wales HerdingBorder Terrier Scotland, England TerrierBorzoi Russia HoundBoston Terrier United States CompanionBoxer Germany GuardianBull Terrier England TerrierBullmastiff England GuardianCanadian Eskimo Dog Canada WorkingCane Corso Italy GuardianCavalier King Charles Spaniel England CompanionChesapeake Bay Retriever United States GundogChihuahua Mexico CompanionChinese Crested Dog China CompanionChow Chow China UtilityRough Collie Scotland HerdingSmooth Collie Scotland HerdingDachshund Germany HoundDalmatian Croatia CompanionDoberman Pinscher Germany GuardianDogue de Bordeaux France GuardianEnglish Cocker Spaniel England GundogEnglish Mastiff England GuardianEnglish Pointer England GundogEnglish Setter England GundogEnglish Springer Spaniel England GundogFox Terrier (Smooth) England TerrierWire Fox Terrier England TerrierFrench Bulldog England CompanionGerman Pinscher Germany TerrierGerman Shepherd Dog Germany HerdingGerman Shorthaired Pointer Germany GundogGerman Spitz Germany UtilityGiant Schnauzer Germany HerdingGolden Retriever Scotland GundogGordon Setter Scotland GundogGreat Dane Denmark or Germany GuardianGreat Pyrenees France, Spain GuardianGreater Swiss Mountain Dog Switzerland GuardianGreyhound England HoundHokkaido Japan UtilityIrish Red and White Setter Ireland GundogIrish Setter Ireland GundogIrish Terrier Ireland TerrierIrish Water Spaniel Ireland GundogIrish Wolfhound Ireland HoundItalian Greyhound Italy CompanionJack Russell Terrier England TerrierJapanese Chin Japan CompanionJapanese Spitz Japan UtilityKeeshond Netherlands, Germany UtilityKerry Blue Terrier Ireland TerrierKing Charles Spaniel England CompanionLabrador Retriever Canada GundogLhasa Apso Tibet CompanionMaltese Italy CompanionMiniature Pinscher Germany CompanionMiniature Schnauzer Germany TerrierNeapolitan Mastiff Italy GuardianNewfoundland Canada, England GuardianOld English Sheepdog England HerdingPapillon Spain, Belgium, France CompanionParson Russell Terrier England TerrierPekingese China CompanionPomeranian Germany, Poland CompanionPoodle Germany, France CompanionPortuguese Water Dog Portugal GundogPug China CompanionPyrenean Mastiff Spain GuardianRhodesian Ridgeback Rhodesia HoundRottweiler Germany GuardianSaluki Iran HoundSamoyed Russia WorkingSchipperke Belgium CompanionGiant Schnauzer Germany HerdingMiniature Schnauzer Germany TerrierStandard Schnauzer Germany HerdingScottish Terrier Scotland TerrierSharPei China UtilityShetland Sheepdog Scotland HerdingShiba Inu Japan UtilityShih Tzu China CompanionSiberian Husky Russia WorkingSpanish Water Dog Spain GundogSpinone Italiano Italy GundogSt.Bernard Italy, Switzerland GuardianStaffordshire Bull Terrier England TerrierSwedish Lapphund Sweden UtilitySwedish Vallhund Sweden HerdingTosa Japan GuardianWeimaraner Germany GundogCardigan Welsh Corgi Wales HerdingPembroke Welsh Corgi Wales HerdingWest Highland White Terrier Scotland TerrierWhippet England HoundYorkshire Terrier England Companion